When we are doing an analysis of a certain problem, what we usually do? We zero in on the case and isolate the problem, is it not? I strongly believe that in treating a certain disease like diabetes, you will apply the same strategy is it not? I mean we do not need to be a doctor of medicine to figure that out. Having said that, let us find out how many types of diabetes are known today.
As per recent study, there are three types of diabetes and these are:
· The first type is the Type1 diabetes which is called “insulin dependent” or “juvenile” diabetes.
· The second type is the Type2 diabetes which is also called as “adult onset” diabetes.
· The third type is the Type3 diabetes which is called as “gestational diabetes.
It is important to know what each type consists of. If we understand the distinction between the three types, it will be easier for us to know what corrective action is required and who are most likely the candidates are. Let us differentiate each type then:
Type 1 Diabetes – Juvenile Diabetes
- It is commonly found in children and or adolescents, but may also occur in adults.
- There is complete deficiency of insulin.
- It requires daily injection of insulin.
Type 2 Diabetes – Adult Onset Diabetes
- It is commonly found to people who are more than 40 years old and to obese people even children.
- The patient’s insulin level is usually either normal or sometimes even elevated but is not deficient.
- The initial treatment phase includes regular exercise and a diet that is designed to loss weight.
- The last phase would be the use of insulin if the case gets more serious.
Type 3 Diabetes – Gestational
- This type is developed during pregnancy and therefore applicable only for women.
- It normally ends after pregnancy however there are cases that it develops to Type 2 diabetes as they get older.
- Although it is develop only during pregnancy, it must be monitored because of the risk of leading to type 2 diabetes.
One common factor in both type-1 and type-2 diabetes is elevated blood sugar levels. However, type-1 diabetes is more serious than type-2 since a daily injection of insulin is a must. Those with type-2 diabetes, they are able to control the disease and even reverse it. This is possible by a combination of appropriate diet, proper weight control and adequate exercise.